Americans are polarized in many ways, pre-eminently in politics. But a big majority of them agree that Facebook is not a trustworthy news source. As the blue bars in the chart show, a significant majority of the public also agrees that newspapers are trustworthy.
I assembled the revealing chart on media trust from raw data in a January survey commissioned by BuzzFeed. In its article on the survey, BuzzFeed chose to focus on the low public trust of Facebook. It made only an off-hand reference to the high trust in newspapers — both Web and print versions.
To be sure, newspapers can’t cash their chart trust numbers at the bank. Last week, Facebook reported record quarterly revenue of $8.8 billion, most of which is from ads. But their trust ratings should point newspapers toward an aggressive and smart strategy that will win them the higher revenue they need to be more than metrics in Facebook’s news feed — to inform Democrats, Republicans and Independents alike, to protect democracy in crisis times.
Newspapers aren’t exactly sitting on their hands at this hinge moment. They are finally coming out of their daze from losing the pre-eminence they had in the palmy print era that is no more. Gradually, they are beginning to innovate in the digital space, especially in utilizing technology to connect better with their audiences and tell their story to advertisers. But they need to do so much more.
Just one example: Messaging apps are becoming a major source of news and how it’s distributed. But all major activity in chat apps is occurring outside of the U.S.
Chat apps would be the best way for newspapers to cover the huge local impact of the “Trump-Quake in Washington, D.C. We’re seeing how President Trump’s executive order banning immigrant travel to the U.S. from seven mostly Muslim countries is materially affecting communities in such unlikely places as Erie, Pa., Fayetteville, Ark., and Twin Falls, Idaho.
But immigration is only one wave of the seismic shocks that will radiate from Washington smack into and throughout communities everywhere. The repeal of Obamacre, tariffs and other trade action and stepped-up school “choice” all will have material effects on millions of Americans.
With their now-validated high trust levels, newspapers are well positioned to be reliable sources of the stories detailing all the local repercussions. Most of these stories won’t be told by reporters scribbling in notebooks. Newspapers don’t have enough reporters to do that. But through crowdsourcing from chat apps – balanced with editorial oversight – newspaper websites can do the job. (Pure-plays can do the same thing, but they would be less influential because they operate on a much smaller scale, and, according to the Ipsos-BuzzFeed survey, while they are rated as much more trustworthy than Facebook, they aren’t as nearly as reliable as newspapers – Web and print — as news sources.)
Then there is Facebook, which, despite its low trust, isn’t going away. Newspapers can’t ignore its reach to nearly 2 billion people around the world. But by capitalizing on their trust to build more connections with their audiences, newspapers can make their own digital real estate more relevant to news consumers, especially those who worry about fake news. When they do that, they’ll be able to make a better case with all the businesses that have been putting more and more of their advertising on Facebook.
Newspapers and the rest of the publishing industry that were sent reeling by the massive growth of Facebook and other distribution platforms are beginning to recover their self-confidence. Toby Young, President of Hearst Magazines Digital Media, said in a recent Q & A in Digiday, “Platforms are not forever.”
Facebook, responding to the new pushbacks from publishers, has created a Journalism Project that will, among other things, look at current revenue-sharing formulas.
But in the end, the key difference will be not how Facebook shares its revenues or tinkers with its news-feed algorithm, but how successful newspapers are in achieving sustainability will depend on the richness of the connections they build with their audiences. They’ve got the trust of significant shares of those audiences. But their tall blue bars in the Ipsos chart are just part of the climb that newspapers need to make to secure their future.